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Home Diseases Gynecology and obstetrics Uterine prolapse

Uterine prolapse

Specialization: Gynecology and obstetrics

What is Uterine Prolapse? Pathology Cure Methods

Uterine prolapse – pathology provoking weakening of muscles for the internal uterus support. Prolapse degree varies based on how weak the supports are.

With a slight weakening, the uterus slides down and its part is in birth canals. Outwardly, this phenomenon takes the lump’s external appearance, and a small bulge is felt on palpation. If pathology progresses, the uterus fully slips outside the vagina.

Uterus prolapse causes

The uterus inside is held by certain muscle groups. Such structures weakening makes them unable to support the uterus – it provokes its sagging. The following contributes to this:

  • muscle tone disappears with natural organism aging;
  • trauma in childbirth – particularly, it applies to women given birth to overweight children;
  • obesity;
  • chronic bouts of strong coughing or excessive exertion;
  • chronic constipation.

Additionally, there are several risk factors increasing pathology development possibility:

  • woman had several with vaginal birth in each;
  • carrying out surgical operations on organs making up the pelvic system;
  • genetic predisposition – connective structures weakness setting in family history.

Symptoms for uterine prolapse

With a slight muscle weakening, the uterus prolapse may not manifest itself. Nevertheless, as muscles become weaker and the uterus moves further downward, the following uterine prolapse symptoms appear.

  1. Strong pressure feelings in pelvic region, heaviness when walking.
  2. Lower back, lower stomach and pelvic area ache.
  3. Pain during intercourse.
  4. Uterus part is visible through the vaginal opening.
  5. Bladder often suffers from infections.
  6. Unusual vaginal discharge, profuse and foul-smelling.
  7. Frequent constipation.
  8. Difficulty urinating, frequent urge and involuntary urine discharge.

When in a horizontal position, symptoms manifest themselves more strongly.

Uterine prolapse diagnosis

Firstly, gynecologists conduct general examinations, and determine changes in the uterus position. A mirror is inserted into the vagina, and doctors examine internal surfaces. Lower stomach palpation makes it possible to identify abnormal bulges.

Uterine prolapse treatment

If the uterus is lowered, clinical and non-surgical methods are used. Treatment for uterine prolapse is prescribed based on pathology manifestation level and general sensations of women.

  1. Non-surgical:
  • physical exercises – Kegel method, aimed at strengthening pelvic muscles;
  • vaginal pessary – device made of rubber or plastic that doctors place under the uterus. It helps to keep the uterus in its natural place.

2. Surgical intervention:

  • hysterectomy – complete uterus removal. After this operation, women lose ability to have children, therefore, this method is used only in extreme pathology severity;
  • prolapse correction – uterus returns to its natural position. The uterus is suspended by securing the organ with pelvic ligaments. Thus, deformation is eliminated and doesn’t repeat.

How to prevent the uterus prolapse

There are certain ways for uterine prolapse prevention – such methods don’t give a 100% guarantee, but they significantly reduce the prolapse risks.

  1. Overweight and obesity prevention.
  2. Regularly performing Kegel exercises helps strengthen pelvic muscles.
  3. Healthy and balanced diet.
  4. To give up smoking.
  5. Don’t lift heavy things.

What are outlooks for women suffering from uterine prolapse

Mostly, timely therapy involved in the uterus prolapse gives effective results. Together with lifestyle changes in accordance with above recommendations, cure helps to forget about this problem forever.