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Viral hepatitis

Specialization: Hepatology

Viral hepatitis is provoked by a virus, when it enters the organism and provokes inflammation in the liver. This ailment is transmissible. It can manifest itself chronically or acutely. It has from A to E types.

Hepatitis causes

Persons may get A-hepatitis in fecal-oral way: if he/she drinks water or consumes meals contaminated with feces having infection. It may be also transmitted sexually.

B-hepatitis has next-mentioned transmission:

  • sexual contact;
  • using one needle with people having infection;
  • contiguity with infected blood and other liquids;
  • from a pregnant woman to her fetus.

C-hepatitis:

  • using one needle with people having infection;
  • contiguity with infected blood;
  • sexual contact.

D-hepatitis can enter body in next-mentioned cases:

  • from a pregnant woman to her fetus;
  • contiguity with infected blood and other liquids.

Last-mentioned type may be obtained only if a patient already has B-type.

E-hepatitis transmission is possible via water or meals consumed. In particular, this form of the disease can be contracted from pork, shellfish or venison, cooked improperly.

High risks are present in next-mentioned situations:

  • use same needles with another person;
  • unprotected anal or oral sex;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • eating poor-quality or improperly prepared foods;
  • accidental prick with a used needle;
  • kidney dialysis;
  • living in poor sanitation.

Hepatitis symptoms

  1. Darken urine.
  2. Severe pain in abdomen.
  3. Yellowing of eyes’ whites and skin areas.
  4. Fecal masses of pale or clay color.
  5. A slight increase in temperature that lasts a long time.
  6. Sudden appetite loss.
  7. Strong feeling of tiredness.
  8. Nausea.
  9. Aching sensation in joints.

Diagnosis of hepatitis

Physicians conduct a general examination. Patients are also asked to take blood tests to detect ailment causes.

Hepatitis treatment

  1. A-type isn’t treatable. Doctors monitor the condition of the patient’s liver in order to control the progression of the disease.
  2. Mostly, in chronic B-hepatitis, therapies are successful: for it certain meds are used: Telbivudine, Interferon alfa-2b, etc.
  3. C, D and E hepatitis are subject to drug treatment: Simeprevir, Sofosbuvir, etc.

Therapy success depends on the stage of ailment development and its manifestation.