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Type 1 diabetes – pathology consisting in the pancreas inability to produce insulin or produce it in small quantities. Insulin is necessary for energy production, saturating cells and maintaining their normal functioning.
Mostly, type 1 diabetes manifests itself in patients in childhood. It’s an incurable illness, the therapy for which is aimed at regulating blood sugar rates as much as possible.
Exact roots of pathology occurrence and development haven’t been identified. In many cases, immune system malfunctions, forcing it to mistakenly identify insulin-producing cells as hostile. Consequently, the immune system begins to actively hit them, harming the pancreas. Other reasons include the following:
Speaking about risk factors, it should be noted:
Diabetes type 1 signs aren’t observed immediately and manifest themselves quite suddenly.
If doctors suspect type 1 diabetes, they order blood tests to check sugar levels. Additionally, urine tests are ordered to check for sugar and abnormal chemical presence – it happens when there’s insulin deficiency.
Patients suffering from pathology need to constantly control blood glucose levels. In case of deviation from norm, patients need to inject insulin.
You can make an injection yourself – a syringe and insulin vial should always be with the patient. They are small enough you can always carry them with you. There are syringes already pre-filled with insulin for direct injection. There’s another injection type – through the respiratory tract using a small tube and pump.
In type 1 diabetes, patients need to adjust their lifestyle in some way, particularly, pay attention to the following.
If the illness isn’t properly controlled, complications are as follows.
Additionally, patients with type 1 diabetes feel frequent weakness in legs, bouts of vomiting and nausea.