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Liver hemangioma belongs to the non-cancerous tumor category. It’s a collection of cavities filled with blood. Most often, the body does not form more than one hemangioma.Tumor doesn’t affect other structures and does not become malignant.
As a rule, it’s a small formation; its size doesn’t exceed four centimeters. Hemangiomas are divided into 2 types:
Researchers don’t draw exact conclusions regarding the disease cause. Some patients have a hereditary tumor passed from a parent. For the most part, women aged 30-50 are susceptible to pathology development; in men, hemangioma occurs less frequently. Additionally, tumor formation catalysts include:
Liver hemangioma in 80% of cases doesn’t manifest itself. Doctor detects disease diagnosing other organs. Small tumors, as such, don’t have symptoms, however, require professional observation. Huge pathologies can cause complications creating the need for treatment. Common signals might look as follows:
Pathology diagnosis is made by means of imaging methods, in particular, the following.
Small asymptomatic hemangioma without showing growth is simply controlled by visual methods. Diagnosis is made every six months or a year.
Liver hemangioma treatment has no medical ways. Liver surgery is required if necessary to remove the tumor – huge pathology causing pressure on the organs. Sometimes, doctors prescribe embolization – procedure consisting in clogging blood vessels. Thus, the hemangioma doesn’t receive nutrition and slows down in its growth.
If tumor gets bigger, it can become a source of significant problems. Pathology exceeding four centimeters in size causes:
Accordingly, the hemangioma rupture causes open bleeding in the liver.