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Hypophysis adenoma is a tumor, in most cases, benignant. Pathology grows slowly and doesn’t demonstrate itself in other organs. However, increasing in size, adenoma puts pressure on nearby parts. Pressured nerves connecting eyeballs to the brain is especially dangerous, and can cause complications.
Tumor also negatively affects healthy pituitary cells, preventing their functioning. As a result, significant changes appear in organisms. Additionally, some adenomas produce dangerous hormones in the bloodstream.
Exact ground of pituitary tumor formation isn’t determined. Certain cases, along with pathology, show DNA change. As a result, uncontrolled anomalistic behavior of pituitary cells starts. In such a way adenoma is formed. DNA modifications can pass through generations.
Pituitary adenoma manifestations depend on hormones tumor secretes and nearby organs it affects. Large number of hormones provoques occurrence of several defects.
Among main pituitary adenoma symptoms:
For revealing pituitary adenoma, some laboratory tests are required, in particular, general blood one. It will help determine hormones. In addition, physician may use CT or MRI -shows an increase in the size of the pituitary gland. Occasionally, it may be necessary to carry out concomitant diagnostics, for ex., a vision test if it worsens, and so on.
Hypophysis adenoma treatment is as follows:
Future prospects for adenoma sufferers depend on formation type. Mostly, after getting rid of malignant tumor parts patients live fully with benign adenomas for a long time.
Sometimes additional cure may be required. Approximately 25% of patients suffering from prolactinoma – the most common type – at some point face the need for additional therapy.