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Intracranial hematoma is result of blood cells accumulation under the skull. Hematoma occurrence can be triggered by vessel wall rupture or severe skull trauma. Blood collects in tissues, putting pressure on the brain.
Hematoma can be formed even after minor injury. It has high life threatening nature and requires immediate surgery for removing excess blood.
Mostly, intracranial cavity hematoma appears after head injury – accident, fall from a great height, sports accident, and so on. Elderly people should remember that even very insignificant injury can be fraught with them. Specifically if person takes blood thinners and similar drugs.
Genetic factor cannot be ignored either. Sometimes person from birth has vessels with thin walls – hematoma can form even with slight pressure on skin. In addition, the likelihood of encountering this pathology is higher for people:
Warnings signals may appear soon after injury, but sometimes they don’t appear until a couple of weeks or more have passed. Every day after, hematoma intracranial pressure on tissue becomes stronger, as evidenced by following:
More blood flows into the brain and fills free cavities, following may be observed:
Diagnosing hematoma presence is quite difficult. This is because a person may seem quite healthy. Effective diagnostic methods in neurosurgery are as follows.
Intracranial hematoma treatment doesn’t necessarily involve surgery.
Recovery process after intracranial hematomas removal can take quite a long time. Additionally, a person may not fully recover. Maximum recovery can take about 3 months. If neurological disorders persist, patient may be prescribed physio- and occupational therapy.