Cervical Dysplasia: Cause, Diagnosis and Cure
What is cervical dysplasia?
Cervical dysplasia – pathology provoking the abnormal cells spreading on the cervix. Unhealthy cells cover the cervix surface with a kind of dense layer, thereby preventing the normal organ functioning. Additionally, because of the presence of excessive cell numbers, the uterus increases in size, putting pressure on other organs and initiating inflammatory processes.
Cervical dysplasia causes
Cervical dysplasia appears as a HPV result – sexually transmitted virus, entering the organism. Some virus types are recognized and destroyed by the immune system, however, there are strains affecting the reproductive system and provoking pathology development.
Risk factors are the following:
- age category 55+;
- smoking – the use of any things with tobacco content doubles the likelihood of pathology;
- damaged immune system that isn’t able to fight the virus and neutralize it.
Cervical dysplasia symptoms
Mostly, cervical dysplasia presence and development are asymptomatic. In later stages, there are the following symptoms for cervical dysplasia.
- Bleeding after or during intercourse.
- Incomprehensible nature liquids from the vagina, appearing on an ongoing basis.
- Irritation is noticeable on the vagina walls – redness, microcracks and a dark red rash.
Cervical dysplasia diagnosis
Suspicions of the pathology presence may appear after taking a Pap smear. Abnormal bodies are found in the smear material, after which colposcopy is performed – a thorough cervix examination. During the procedure, a special instrument is placed in the vagina, whereby the specialist examines the inner walls.
Tissue taken as a sample is sent for biopsy. Based on biopsy results, the doctor may decide on the need for DNA testing – checking the level of risk of HPV presence.
Cervical dysplasia treatment
Mild cervical dysplasia can be cured, especially when pathology is detected in its early stages. A woman should be prepared that a doctor will periodically prescribe a Pap smear to constantly control the abnormal cells behavior.
In serious conditions – abnormal formations destruction or their removal. Cells can take on a cancerous nature and cause irreparable changes:
- loop electrosurgical excision – an electrically charged loop is used for the operation, cleaning unnecessary cells;
- conization – removal of area where abnormal bodies are concentrated;
- hysterectomy – complete uterus removal as an organ. It’s used in the most difficult and irreversible cases.
Dysplasia cervical disease progresses to a cancerous tumor extremely rarely, nevertheless, this pathology needs constant monitoring.
How to prevent cervical dysplasia
Pathology development prevention is possible by avoiding the HPV ingestion.
- HPV vaccination.
- Regular Pap smear – timely detection of pathology and development of therapy.
- Safe sex (regardless of its type) and careful control over sexual life.
- Quit smoking and all types of tobacco products.