Adenocarcinoma

Adenocarcinoma: Nature and Treatment of Pathology

Adenocarcinoma is a cancerous tumor that appears in glandular cells producing mucus. These glands exist in most organs, accordingly adenocarcinoma affects almost all of them.

In oncology, methods for diagnosing and treating adenocarcinoma are considered relevant and important issues that best adenocarcinoma doctors are working on. Diagnosis of adenocarcinoma is made for more than half cases.

Causes of adenocarcinoma

At present, it is difficult to say exact cause of adenocarcinoma. However, doctors have identified several factors leading to disease onset and progress:

  • viral hepatitis has negative effect on liver, provoking tumor development;
  • entry of toxic substances with air, water, genetically modified vegetables and fruits, etc.;
  • alcoholic beverages: alcohol is a provocateur of this pathology in intestines and stomach;
  • smoking: tobacco smoke in respiratory organs leads to adenocarcinoma metastasis development in lungs;
  • chemical vapors inhalation and their passage through gastrointestinal tract;
  • radial exposure;
  • genetic predisposition, supported by burdened heredity.

Adenocarcinoma symptoms

The symptoms of adenocarcinoma vary depending on the affected organ:

  1. Adenocarcinoma of prostate gland of early form is asymptomatic, in the later stages the patient recognizes:
    • pain while urinating;
    • bladder control problems;
    • urinary incontinence;
    • excessive urination;
    • painful ejaculation;
    • blood in semen.
  2. Breast cancer:
    • breast enlargement and compaction;
    • change in shape;
    • skin exfoliation;
    • bloody discharge from nipples.
  3. Adenocarcinoma of colon:
    • bloody stool;
    • stomach pain;
    • unexplained weight losing.
  4. Lungs adenocarcinoma:
    • coughing;
    • hoarseness;
    • bloody mucus;
    • weight losing;
    • weak condition;
    • exhaustion.
  5. Pancreas adenocarcinoma:
    • weight loss;
    • stomach pain;
    • pale and oily stools;
    • itchy skin.
  6. Esophagus cancer:
    • difficult swallowing process;
    • pressure and pain in chest;
    • heartburn;
    • cough.
  7. Stomach cancer :
    • pain feeling in stomach;
    • bloating;
    • nausea;
    • indigestion.
  8. Brain or skull malignant tumors :
    • headaches;
    • nausea;
    • vomiting;
    • seizures;
    • blurred vision;
    • personality changing;
    • unusual sensations in the legs or arms;
    • thinking processes change.

Diagnosis and treatment of adenocarcinoma

Diagnostic tests for adenocarcinoma vary depending on which organ is affected; the main types of diagnostic tests are:

  • biopsy;
  • CT scan;
  • MRI;
  • PET CT scan;
  • colonoscopy;
  • screening mammograms;
  • bronchoscopy;
  • cytology;
  • PSA;
  • transrectal ultrasound.

Therapy is prescribed based on the affected organ. The main cure methods are:

  • chemotherapy;
  • surgical intervention;
  • radiation therapy, sometimes together with the previous two methods – it’s needed if patient has adenocarcinoma with metastases being very small and hard to reach.

Survival rate for adenocarcinoma cancer

5-year survival rate according to the ASCO – American Society of Clinical Oncology:

  • under 100% after adenocarcinoma prostate survival;
  • 90% after breast cancer;
  • 65% for adenocarcinoma colon patients;
  • pancreatic cancer 8%;
  • esophageal 19%;
  • and 18% for lung cancer.
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